What is a psychotic break and how can it be prevented

What is a Psychotic Break and How Can it be Prevented?

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Chano Charpentier starred in a violent episode at his house when he suffered a psychotic break from drug use. The singer struggled with the police and the singer ended up being shot. What is a psychotic break?

On Sunday night, Chano Charpentier starred in a violent episode at his house when he suffered a psychotic break from drug use. The musician attacked his mother and they decided to call 911, when the troops arrived, the former leader of the band Tan Biónica attacked them with a knife and for that reason, he received a bullet in the abdomen. At the moment he is in the Otamendi Sanatorium in serious condition.

“When we speak of a psychotic outbreak, we are emphasizing a clinical characteristic that affects some psychotic pictures and not all, which is to leave effects or deterioration in the functioning of the person”, explains the psychiatrist Manuel Vilapriño Dupat (MAT 6948).

“The patient with a psychotic syndrome presents symptoms that make us think that that person is far from a certain reality, that will not mean that he has an alteration of consciousness – Vilapriño clarifies and adds – in fact, a large part of these symptoms is with a lucid conscience: the person at that moment is oriented, knows what day it is, with whom he is speaking “.

The professional deepens that what is presented is an alteration of critical judgment. That is to say, of his ability to discern what is right from what is wrong, what is real from what is not. For this reason, hallucinations or delusions occur.

“Psychoses are often accompanied by hallucinations (hearing, seeing or perceiving something that does not exist) and delusions (persistent ideas that do not conform to the reality of which the patient is firmly convinced, even when there is evidence to the contrary)”, explains the World Health Organization (WHO).

According to the psychiatrist consulted: “The person who is under a psychotic picture and commits a certain act would not be attributable because he cannot discern what corresponds, they are governed by the manifestations and symptoms”

Causes of a psychotic break

According to the latest research, for psychosis to develop in general, and a psychotic outbreak in particular, there must in principle be a certain genetic vulnerability and, if there is, a second factor that intervenes for its occurrence is a trigger or trigger.

Frequent and constant stress lasts over time and depletes the restraint reserves of the behaviour.

Drug use, especially those that have a hallucinogenic principle. Substances that can trigger psychotic disorders are alcohol, hallucinogens, amphetamines and action drugs such as cocaine, cannabis, phencyclidine; inhalants; opiates; sedatives; hypnotics and anxiolytics.

Mental illnesses, first of all, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder in its manic period, and borderline personality disorder.

How can it be prevented?

What can be prevented are some elements or triggers that end up causing the disease to appear. In the case of substance use, “the psychotic picture can be prevented by avoiding substance use or abstinence from substances depending on the drug we are talking about,” he says.

In general, Vilapriño maintains that the best way to prevent psychiatric illnesses is from the first years of life, “to ensure the best growth in relation to development from a biological point of view, as well as from a psychological point of view surrounded by a context of care, limits and favourable circumstances of life “.

The person who is going to suffer a psychotic picture may previously present certain ways of behaving that usually attract attention:

Ideas of strangeness.

Disorganized behaviour

High suspicion.

Neglect of your personal appearance.

Social isolation, work / school absenteeism.

Manuel Vilapriño Duprat emphasizes that “what the presence of psychotic symptoms requires is the need for a professional diagnostic evaluation and treatment”.

 

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